wild rhubarb. Lesser burdock is a tall (up to 6 ft. [1.8 m]) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. Greater burdock has been an important medicinal plant which has also been deliberately transplanted to new growing areas. Lesser Burdock has a greater range than does Greater Burdock, stretching as far north as the tips of Scotland whereas Greater Burdock is not found north of Tebay. Stamens 5. Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Greater burdock is not really used in any practical way in Finland, and is collected only rarely. Lesser burdock can be distinguishes from greater burdock by its diminutive size and the channel along the top of leaf stalks, similar to rhubarb. The Lesser Burdock is the main Burdock here in Calgary but I did get a chance to see this one Greater Burdock plant. (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki). - click for video - Flowers. Lesser burdock, also called common burdock, was introduced from Europe in the 17th century for its medicinal and culinary purposes. Greater burdock is recognized by its feltless capitula and the yellow hooked tips of their involucral bracts. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable. Greater burdock has also spread to a certain extent to city yards and streets, even though construction work and pavements constantly reduce the amount of waste ground areas that suit the species. Capitula borne in corymbose clusters. Like the common (or greater) burdock (Arctium lappa) there are many similaries between the two plants. Greater burdock was used during the Middle Ages as a vegetable, but now it is rarely used, with the exception of Japan where it is called gobō (牛蒡 or ゴボウ), Taiwan (牛蒡), Korea where it is called ueong (우엉), Italy, Brazil and Portugal, where it is known as bardana.Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. Richard Yorke. In Asia Burdock is still used to this day where it is collected commercially and called Gobo. Burdocks that grow together easily cross-breed, and part of the greater burdock stand is actually comprised of hybrids between greater and lesser burdock. Gynoecium composed of 2 fused carpels. Typically, the plant grows to a metre, with flower heads between 15 mm and 30 mm in diameter with florets that extend well beyond the tips of the surrounding bracts. Name also: Great Burdock, Beggar’s Buttons, Sticky Willie, Edible burdock, Lappa Burdock, Gobo, Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae. Fun facts: Lesser burdock is used as a medicine, the dried root was considered an official drug as a blood purifier. Lesser Burdock can be found all over the UK and Ireland apart from inland mountainous areas of Scotland since it can tolerate a greater range of soils than can Greater Burdock. Hybrid tomatoes vs heirloom varieties. The plants shown on this page were photographed in Wales. growing apples from seeds vs. cloning. Burdock is best recognized as a stout, common weed with annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing. wide, single flower-like capitula surrounded by involucral bracts. Blade triangular–broadly ovate, usually cordate based, with toothed margins, underside white-grey-cottony. It grows most commonly in the Hämeenlinna district, not too far from Helsinki. Woolly Burdock, Alpine Saw-wort, Brown Knapweed, Cabbage Thistle, Carline Thistle, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Creeping Thistle, Curled Thistle, Giant Knapweed, Greater Knapweed, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Knapweed, Marsh Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle, Musk Thistle, Perennial Cornflower, Persian Cornflower, Russian Globe Thistle, Spear Thistle, Welted Thistle, Wig Knapweed, Wood Burdock, Woolly Burdock. The seed heads, or burs, have hooked bracts and become attached to the fur of animals; in this way the seeds are distributed. It is extremely hardy, and has been found everywhere from the Northern Nordic countries to the mid-Mediterranean regions, and as far east as the Japanese islands and the Arabic nations. Burdocks bloom from July until September, and they are generally found in shady places or on waste ground. Wild plants should never be picked for pleasure and some plants are protected by law. Its broad, heart-shaped, coarse leaves feature deep-green on the top and light green on the underside similar to that of in rhubarb.In the summer, its thick hairy stems of about 5 feet in length bear red-purple tubular flowers, which subsequently develop into seed-heads or burrs with hooked spines. A single flower measures approximately 2.5 cm (1”) with the capitula surrounded by involucral bracts. In southern Europe a tincture was made of its roots, which was used to externally treat skin diseases such as pustules, acne and boils. Please keep in mind that it is illegal to uproot a plant without the landowner's consent and care should be taken at all times not to damage wild plants. Lesser Burdock produces purple flowers in its second year of growth, from July to October. Burdock generally thrives in places that have been disturbed by humans. Growing form: Biennial herb. While generally out of favor in modern European cuisine, it remains popular in Asia, particularly in Japan where A. lappa (Greater burdock) is called gobō (牛蒡 or ゴボウ). Burdock root is available as a tea, an herbal tincture, a crushed powder that a person can take in pill form, and as a decoction, which is a liquid made from boiling the herb. 15 replies 1 4. plants. Antonyms for lesser burdock. Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. The leaves are also thought to have anti-bacterial properties, and they can be wrapped around skin eruptions. Leaves: Alternate, stalked. Height: 90–200 cm (35–80 in.). Stem leaves are large, heart-shaped, and very hairy on the undersides. « on: August 04, 2016, 18:11 » Does anyone know if there is a major difference in the amount of root produced by the 2 different varieties. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae. Starting in 1948 George de Mestral, a Swiss inventor, created Velcro after walking his dog and noticing the ‘burs’ from Burdock sticking to his dog. Lesser burdock and wood burdock (A. nemorosum), which look very alike, can grow in the same places. The basal rosette of leaves stays close to the ground the first year and the beginning of the second. 2 synonyms for lesser burdock: Arctium minus, common burdock. Wood Burdock, Flowers themselves are identical. © Copyright: Images: Jouko Lehmuskallio. Disc … Define lesser burdock. A stout flowering stalk is formed in the second year. I'm guessing the Greater (Arctium Lappa) has the bigger root. Does anyone know if there is a major difference in the amount of root produced by the 2 different varieties. Identify species based on their characteristics! Habitat: Yards and roadsides, around old dwelling areas, also rubbish tips and mill areas. Legislated Because. Interpreting Wetland Status. Another burdock that you will find in Wales and throughout the UK is the Greater Burdock, Arctium lappa. Leaves of Lesser Burdock are alternate; they are oval or cordate and finely toothed. This prickly wildflower is not in fact a member of the dock family; it belongs to the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. Fruit: Flattish, gently curved, grey-brown, dark-spotted achene with short yellow hooked hairs on tip. Capitulum has no ray-florets, disk florets red (rarely white), tubular. By Tom Cowley. → Distribution map (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki) Other species from the same genus. Burdock was commonly used in cooking in the UK in times past but has long been forgotten about. This is in regards to … Lesser Burdock, Click on any of … Herb: Lesser Burdock Latin name: Arctium minus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Lesser Burdock: Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine. Strong taproot. In flower, the head is more or less corymbose (i.e the lower flowers have longer stalks, so that the inflorescence is virtually flat-topped). These burrs can cause eye, nose, and mouth injuries in livestock. Lesser Burdock Arctium minus. A more or less racemose inflorescence (the outer flowers have short stalks or are stalkless). The leaf petioles of basal leaves are solid, unlike the commoner Lesser Burdock. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. Stem branched, rough, usually sparsely hairy. First-year plants form large rosettes. It can have glabrous or hairy flowers. Basal leaves are dark green, heart-shaped, and up to 1 ft. (0.3 m) long. We hope that you have found this information helpful. Wetland Status. Woolly burdock (A. tomentosum; also known as downy burdock ), whose capitulum has a woolly covering, is much more common, as is the slightly smaller lesser burdock (A. minus). wild burdock. plants. The flowers of Great Burdock can be up to 40 mm in diameter and do not extend significantly beyond the surrounding bracts. Arctium lappa is the main species used, though this species has similar properties. Uses Food and drink . Greater burdock plant grows about a meter in height. Lesser burdock is a tall, broad-leaved plant with hollow stems and clusters of short-stemmed, purple, brush-like flower heads which appear from July to September. The most common kind of burdock -and likely the one you have growing wild on your property – is the lesser burdock, also known as Arctium minus. Greater Burdock vs Lesser Burdock? The Velcro-like burrs attach to one's clothing or animals' fur. Posts: 23. posted 4 years ago. That has been the favourite sunny spot for some of the more interesting flies, enabling me to get some good images. The bracts of the flower heads end in hooked bristles (a bur) which catch on fur and clothing, allowing the seed to be spread over a large area. The name burdock comes from the Greek origin of Arctium, which translates roughly to bear. Greater burdock has spread far into Asia, and in the East its thick roots are a prized dish and are used in much the same way as Spanish salsify (Scorzonera hispanica) is used in the West. Involucral bracts overlap in many rows, long, straggly, narrowly elliptic, rigid, light green, yellow, hook-tipped. A tall plant, Greater burdock has large, downy, heart-shaped leaves with wavy margins. Flowers: A. minus has flower heads 1/2 to 1 inch wide, either stalkless or on short stalks and the flowers stick up above the bracts, whereas A. lappa has heads 1 to 1-1/2 inch wide, on long stalks the upper bracts are as long as the flowers. Many globose flower heads grow in panicles. 8 replies 3 1. gardening for beginners. Related Links. → Distribution map Amazon.com : Greater Burdock & Lesser Burdock Wildflower 20 Seeds Each Fresh : Garden & Outdoor Greater burdock is recognized by its feltless capitula and the yellow hooked tips of their involucral bracts. lesser burdock. greater burdock Arctium minus lesser burdock Arctium ×mixtum [Arctium minus × A. tomentosum] burrdock Arctium ×nothum [Arctium lappa × A. minus] burrdock Arctium tomentosum woolly burdock Arctium vulgare woodland burdock Legal Status. This plant grows relatively tall therefore having deep roots which are brownish green, or nearly black on the outside. Burdock collects nutrition for its roots for a whole year, sometimes more, before their flowering time. Hollow petiole to the basal leaves. It produces egg-shaped, thistle-like flower heads that appear in loose clusters and eventually give rise to the familiar sticky burs with their large hooks. Involucre virtually spherical, flattish, open when ripe, (almost) glabrous. What are synonyms for lesser burdock? All rights reserved. Woolly burdock (A. tomentosum; also known as downy burdock ), whose capitulum has a woolly covering, is much more common, as is the slightly smaller lesser burdock (A. minus).